Health Library Explorer
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A-Z Listings Contact Us

How Reproductive Laparoscopy Is Done

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure. It lets the surgeon see your reproductive organs up close. After you are given anesthesia, small cuts (incisions) are made in your belly (abdomen). A laparoscope is put into one of the small incisions. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a camera on the end that sends pictures to a video screen. The surgeon can see inside the body. Surgical tools are put through the other incisions to complete the procedure.

Side view cross section of female pelvis showing laparoscope and surgical tool inserted in abdomen. Device to lift uterus is inserted in vagina and is holding on to cervix. Video monitor in background.

A closer look

Your surgeon needs to see clearly during surgery. To do this, your abdomen is inflated with a harmless gas. A device may be put into the vagina to lift the uterus. This helps your surgeon see your organs better through the scope.

Risks and possible complications of surgery

These may include:

  • Infection

  • Bleeding

  • Damage to blood vessels, nerves, muscles, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bowel, bladder, or ureters

  • Risks of anesthesia

  • Blood clots

  • Hernia at the incision site

  • Need for a larger incision

Online Medical Reviewer: Daniel N Sacks MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Donna Freeborn PhD CNM FNP
Online Medical Reviewer: Heather Trevino
Date Last Reviewed: 6/1/2020
© 2000-2020 The StayWell Company, LLC. 800 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.
StayWell Disclaimer